SHOO FLY!

When the Flies Show Up, Your Bottom Line Can Take a Serious Hit!

…and so can herd health, animal comfort, productivity and your comfort, too!

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Summer is officially here which means it’s time to tackle the serious business of fly control. Flies can be a real challenge for livestock farmers and can cost the dairy and hog industries hundreds of millions of dollars in lost production each year.

Not only are they annoying to both the workers and the animals, flies really do have a significant effect on production efficiencies. Instead of resting and making milk, cows can easily expend their extra energy trying to fend off these pesky nuisances! Flies in the barn can decrease milk production, and increase medication costs, veterinary visits, and the threat of disease spreading… not to mention reduced farm worker productivity and the increased chance of having cranky neighbors.

A fly problem in your barns can wreak havoc on your herd. You’ll find the cows trying to get rid of the flies by shaking, rubbing and switching their tails which can raise both their heart and respiratory rates, and can also increase their body temperature causing heat stress. You might also find them grouping together, which can worsen their heat stress.

Hog Flies

And then there’s the bites…

Fly bites can result in major economic losses to pig farmers. Irritation from biting flies can cause skin lesions or allergic reactions causing some pigs to be skinned at the abattoir. A skin from a finisher pig can weigh 17kg and the financial penalty can be as much as $34 per pig, as well as additional downgrades depending on the abattoir.

Back in the dairy barn, the nutrients that would normally go into milk production are diverted to replace blood loss from biting. There is also a risk of transmitting diseases such as mastitis, bacterial scours, and pink eye throughout the herd.

Research has been done on the actual production losses that relate directly to stable flies and it’s estimated that a dairy can lose:

  • 306 lbs of milk per cow
  • 13 lbs of body weight from preweaned calves
  • 57 lbs of body weight from stocker cattle

When you add all of this up you get a grand estimated total of $360 million in lost production across the industry.

Fly cycle

All flies pass through four life stages: egg, larva (maggot), pupa, and adult. During its life cycle, which is about 30 days, a house fly female can lay up to 1000 eggs. These eggs are deposited on moist manure or any decaying organic matter. The eggs hatch in 10 to12 hours and the maggots move into the wet manure. Fly maggots mature in 4 to 5 days under warm moist conditions. Pupation occurs in the drier parts of manure, with the adult flies emerging in 3 to 5 days. Under ideal conditions, a fly can complete its life cycle in 9 to 14 days.

So what’s the best way to deal with this pesky problem?

Flies love dirty, moist conditions and their favorite breeding ground is decaying organic matter and manure. It shouldn’t be a surprise to learn that when it comes to fly control, the best remedy is prevention, and the answer lies in a clean barn!

Flies deposit eggs in the top few inches of moist manure which means that minimizing the amount of moist manure surface area available to the fly is an excellent fly reduction strategy. The LWR System creates a dry solid from manure liquids to greatly reduce fly attraction areas.

It also helps keep your dairy clean and dry and gives producers the ability to sell segregated manure fertilizer promptly rather than stockpiling it.

Instead of dealing with the problem after it’s already a problem, you can solve it before it becomes a problem by treating your manure year round. With empty lagoons and clean lanes you also will lower their re-productivity and stop the flies before they start.

A barn with the LWR System is a barn without a manure problem, and a barn without manure problem is a barn without a fly problem!

 

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CLEAN WATER AND COW COMFORT… THE KEY TO DAIRY PROFITABILITY

How cow comfort improves your bottom line by increasing productivity and improving animal health and welfare. 

Every dairy, no matter the size, is always looking for ways to maximize milk production.  The one irrefutable factor that will maximize production every single time is cow comfort. This is true regardless of the management or nutritional program employed on any dairy of any size in any state. To maximize milk production cows need to be comfortable, and to maximize comfort, cows need to be clean.

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Dairy producers are committed to cow comfort however many are still building completely new facility that are based around a type of manure system that does not allow for maximized cow comfort, thus leaving both milk production and money on the table.

Manure management is so closely connected to animal comfort that some dairy producers are now designing their barns to include a manure treatment system that will increase cow comfort. They know that manure treatment is the next great advantage!

Several studies have found that dirty animals are risk factors for compromised health and production issues, such as mastitis, high SCC in milk, and lameness. In fact, environmental sanitation based on the amount of manure on the cow and in her environment is a predictor of the occurrence of coliform mastitis, and in  four separate study herds, the lowest incidence of mastitis occurred in the herd with “the cleanest cows and the most satisfactory beds.”

This all comes together in The Cow Comfort Link to Milk Quality where Dr. Cook proves that the cleaner the cows and the lower the bacterial count of the bedding, the fewer problems you will have! Mastitis is the most frequent and costly disease of dairy cattle, and production losses due to subclinical mastitis on dairy farms in the United States have been estimated to exceed $1 billion dollars annually.

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Not only does cow comfort dramatically increases when cows are housed in a clean and dry environment but there is also a known association between cow cleanliness and milk quality as measured by somatic cell count.

FACT: Clean barns prevent bacterial growth, and it’s that bacterial growth that contributes to high somatic cell count and mastitis. If cows have manure on their feet when they move back to the freestalls after milking, that manure gets rubbed onto the teats and the floor of the udder area. This is a primary reason why some herds that appear to have relatively clean cows have significant levels of environmental mastitis. Dirty herds with cleanliness problems will have lower milk yields and higher SCC when compared with clean herds.

Dairy producers are committed to keeping barns and alleyways as clean as possible, and the best possible way to keep barns clean is by implementing manure treatment technology that will return clean water back to the barns.

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Clean and dry bedding is another key to cow comfort. When a barn is clean and dry, the cows will be more comfortable. When a cow lays down on clean, comfortable bedding, her blood flow increases and therefore so does her milk production.

Research shows that that a standing cow circulates 25% less blood flow through her udder than a lying cow. When hours of rest and production were compared it was found that each hour increase in resting time resulted in a gain of 1.7 kg (3.7 lb) of milk production (Bach, 2008).

Increased lying time also has a potential benefit for fetal growth. Significantly more blood flowed to the gravid uterine horn when cows were lying relative to when they were standing during several stages throughout the gestation period (Nishida et al., 2004).

Cows are also influenced by the cleanliness of the surfaces and bedding in their motivation to lie down.  They prefer clean, dry and soft surfaces for rest. This cleanliness aspect can also impact the time needed to lie down as it takes longer for cows to lie down when surfaces are covered by manure and can tend to be slippery (Popescu et al, 2013)

Studies have also shown a significant link between the lying duration and the percentage of cows with dirty upper legs/flank and udders (Devries et al., 2012, Popescu etc al, 2013).

Now we just wish we could increase our own productivity while we’re laying down!

When it comes to the type of bedding cows prefer, sand is preferable for many reasons. It is resistant to bacterial growth and with a lower level of pathogens, sand has become increasingly popular. However if not stored and handled properly, sand can become contaminated. Using clean water to flush and wash sand increases drying time and creates a cleaner, more comfortable environment.

Profitable farmers are those who are continually seeking out bottlenecks that interfere with their goals. The manure bottleneck is one that is preventing a farm the ability to grow, affecting cow comfort, and ultimately costing farms money.

The LWR System keeps bedding and barns as clean and comfy as possible, which encourages laying down and keeping cows as clean as possible when they do lay down.

The implication is clear: Clean cows are comfortable cows,  comfortable cows are profitable cows, and cows and manure simply do not belong together!

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Tune in next week as we examine the link between employee comfort and your bottom line: How clean water increases productivity, reduces turnover, and improves safety on the farm!

Always Be Innovating

Hey guys, Jenkins here.

Did you know that at LWR we’re committed to constant research and product development? We also live by my personal motto: Always be innovating!

It really is true that our team never stops innovating. We are passionate about what we do and driven to offer livestock farmers state of the art manure treatment technology that is cost effective, efficient, and user-friendly!

We have come a long way since our first system was first launched in 2011. Over the past 7 years we have learned a ton about manure. Our team has spent countless hours running the equipment, analyzing the data (courtesy of me, of course!) and listening to feedback from the producers who are actually using the system. By combining all the complaints, kudos and recommendations we have been able to exponentially improve almost every aspect of the LWR System. We’ve taken some stuff out, made a lot of things better and have even found ways to give farmers more control over their nutrients than they’ve ever had before. In fact, we’ve made so many improvements that we needed to give the LWR System a brand-new name!

Ladies and gentlemen, allow me to introduce to you the LWR2 (pronounced LWRsquared)!

LWR2

The upgrades to this next generation system include:

  • Drier solids
  • Greater control
  • Reduced capital costs
  • 20% smaller footprint
  • Reduced cleaning cycles
  • Fully automated for reduced labor cost
  • Improved membrane technology to reduce fouling
  • Lower cost of consumables than ever before!

I’m sure you’re thinking that with all of these advancements we’ve had to raise the price. But guess what? We didn’t! And we’re even offering 15% off during World Dairy Expo!

If you happen to be at the show this week, be sure to come by and say hi so I can tell you all about it!

~Jenkins

Manure Happens… Then What Happens Next?

manure happens

To most people, manure is somewhat of a stinky subject, but to me it’s a tantalizing topic! I strongly believe that as we become more and more focused on eliminating waste, soon manure-talk will be just as common as the recap of last night’s ball game.

Farmers have always been the best when it comes to repurposing waste, but now more than ever the way manure is being transformed is nothing short of amazing.  Not to mention, seriously eco-friendly!

Manure is being used for:

  • crop growth
  • gardening
  • carbon source
  • power
  • and of course, water reuse!

You may be wondering how this excessive resource could have so many practical functions…  well let me tell you about a few of the marvelous inventions that support a catch phrase that I am personally very passionate about: “Don’t waste perfectly good waste!”.

It’s no secret that manure is an excellent fertilizer that contains nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium and other important micro-nutrients. It adds organic matter to the soil which contributes not only to increased crop yields, but to higher quality food. But what if we could take that fertilizer one step further…cowpots

Introducing CowPots! These are essentially bio pots that are actually composed of cow manure! They are 100% biodegradable, natural, sustainable, and recycled and they completely eliminate the need for plastic. I don’t know about you, but when I think of a garden, I want to smell flowers not manure… and that’s the best part! CowPots have no odor and I guarantee that if I didn’t tell you what they were made of, you’d never even know!

Another awesome innovation that is combating environmental issues is called “Charcrete”, or biochar which is used as a carbon source. Biochar is made from manure and obtained after thermal treatment of the waste through pyrolysis. It can be used as an additive for concrete elements at a ratio of up to 80% and can even be used as a substitute for sand – reducing the weight of a material by a factor of five! By directly using it as a compost supplement, the natural carbon cycle is preserved. The U.S. cement industry accounts for approximately 1.5% of U.S. CO2 emissions, so this technology could make a significant impact on our planet.

biocharr

Now, when we consider the future of our planet, we always talk about our sources of energy and how are we going to sustain power while still being good to the Earth. That’s where methane energy, or biogas (which is a mixture of methane, carbon dioxide, water and hydrogen sulfide) comes in! It’s is made by the anaerobic decomposition of organic matter (manure) and can be compressed or transformed into thermal, electrical and mechanical energy.  So, it’s totally possible to power your vehicle AND provide electricity to your home with “manure-fuel”!  Don’t believe me!? Check this out!

mth

Talk about the future of what’s left behind!

Last, but certainly not least, my personal favorite way to repurpose manure is to turn it into clean drinking water!  And the best part? The LWR System is compatible with every technology I mentioned above so it’s possible to have Cowpots, electricity, and make biochar and fertilizer while also recycling clean water!

If you ask me, manure may very well be the answer to a lot of the world’s crises – especially since it is so versatile across different industries. Who knows what we will come up with next…

Well, I gotta run! All of this manure talk is giving me ideas- off to the Innovation Center!

~Jenkins

June is National Dairy Month!

Dairy is consumed 365 days a year, but for 30 of those days it’s got the spotlight!

Hi everyone! My name is Emlyn and I am a Communications Student at Mount Royal University. I have joined the LWR team for the summer and I am learning a LOT about the dairy industry. Did you know that June is National Dairy Month!? Get out your ice cream scoop because if ever there was a time to indulge in some dairy – now is the time!

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Celebrate dairy month with two (or three!) scoops of ice cream on your cone, a big scoop of butter for your baked potato, real cream in your cup of coffee, a deluxe five cheese pizza, or simply a large glass of delicious chilled milk to wash down some cookies! Whatever your favorite dairy product may be- now is the time to indulge.

Not only is dairy a delicious food source, but it’s also great for your overall health! It’s recommended that you consume three servings of low-fat or fat-free dairy products every day. There are nine essential nutrients found in dairy products: calcium, potassium, phosphorus, protein, vitamin A, vitamin D, vitamin B12, riboflavin, and niacin. The nutrient content promotes bone health and reduces risk of high blood pressure, it also helps to protect against certain cancers.

National Dairy Month marks its 80th anniversary this year! Beginning in 1937 and formerly referred to as National Milk Month, this month-long tradition has served as a reminder of just how heavily we rely on dairy. I don’t know about you, but I don’t even want to imagine a world without ice cream, whipped cream, or coffee cream! So join us in showing your appreciation to dairy farmers by simply enjoying dairy products whenever possible (and don’t be afraid to have extra, there’s no better motive).

Fun Facts

  • Human beings have been consuming cows’ milk for about 10,000 years
  • Cows have no upper teeth, they curl their tongues around grass and swallow it unchewed
  • Most cows chew at least 50 times per minute
  • The pattern on a cow’s fur is unique- no two cows have the same coat
  • Dairy processing plants first began to use paper cartons to package milk in 1906
  • The ice cream cone was invented at the 1904 World’s Fair in St. Louis.
  • The world’s tallest ice cream cone was over 9ft tall and was scooped in Italy
  • A cow gives enough milk to make two gallons of ice cream per day, 730 gallons per year
  • It takes three gallons of milk to produce one gallon of ice cream
  • Fresh milk will stay fresher longer if you add a pinch of salt to each quart

That’s it for now. I hope you learned something new about the dairy industry – I know I did! I look forward to sharing more of what I discover this summer, so stay tuned!

– Emlyn

We’re Half Way There!

It’s been a cold, wet, and snowy winter for just about everyone this year, but guess what!? We are officially in the dead of winter… and that’s not a bad thing!

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The dead of winter is the point where there is more winter behind us than in front of us, which means that Spring is just around the corner. You could say that it’s all down hill from here!

As most of us stay hunkered inside our warm homes, cars, and offices, let’s not forget about all of the farmers out there who are braving the coldest days of winter to keep their animals fed, watered, and milked! While most of us might get the occasional snow day, cold winds, deep snow, and freezing temperatures don’t stop farmers from caring for their animals. We really do appreciate all that you do to keep food on our tables 365 days a year – regardless of the snowy cold conditions outside. Stay safe and warm out there and thank you for all that you do to feed our families!

Winter is not over, and you can bet that there will be some cold, snowy days ahead of us, but doesn’t it make it a little easier knowing that we have made it to the half way point and are one step closer to those dog days of summer!

How One Farm took 500 Trucks Off Of Their Local Roads

Manure Truck

BEEP BEEP BEEP WHIRRFFFTT WOOOSH!

….. There goes another one!

We all know that manure is full of valuable nutrients that are essential for crop growth. Manure can also help improve soil quality and structure.

We also know that over applying nutrients can lead to groundwater contamination and the spread of pathogens and parasites that can affect both human and animal health. 

So how can we use nutrients in a way that will optimize crop growth, while at the same time minimize potential risks to the environment?! One of the best ways to do this is through strategic nutrient application – putting the right amount of nutrients on the crops that need them most, and not spreading manure nutrients where they won’t be utilized.

Moving nutrients to various fields is an imperative part of nutrient management plans. But when it comes to hauling manure, road weight restrictions, traffic, and soil compaction are just a few of the challenges that you have to consider.

While manure haulers go out of their way to ensure the safe transport of valuable fertilizers away from local farms, there is no denying that more and more trucks on local roads increases the risk of danger.

McCormick Farms, located in Bliss, NY, is currently recycling approximately 70% of their liquid manure into water so clean you can drink it!

7,500 to 9,000 gallons of reclaimed water a day is being used for parlor clean-up and flushing, which eliminates at least a truck and a half off the roads every day.

Over the course of a year, this adds up to 500 truckloads of lagoon water that doesn’t have to be hauled and spread on fields. 500 less trucks on local roads means reduced greenhouse gas emissions, less environmental risk, better agronomic practices, less compaction, less traffics on local roads, and better for the neighborhood – that’s amazing!

Sometimes the best there is can also be the best there ever was! 

I’ve just spent the week in Madison at World Dairy Expo and I can tell you that there is simply no better place in the world to check out the latest and greatest in dairy technology and innovation. While we still have one more day to check out all of the vendors, I wanted to take a minute to tell you about one in particular. Sometimes, the best there is can also be the best there ever was…

LWR’s team of manure treatment experts scours the globe finding the absolute best when it comes to complementary technology to offer our clients. Every now and then I will be highlighting some of that technology on this blog, and today I want to tell you why we stand behind FAN Separators as the #1 screw press on the market when it comes to LWR fertilizer solids.

FAN Separators were the pioneers in separation technology and were the very first to bring the screw press to market. After working with a number of other providers, our product development team has unanimously agreed that there is no better press on the market to handle nutrient loaded materials. Not only does the FAN Separator produce the highest dry matter solids, but it pushes more product through quicker.

With an intricate service network, FAN Bauer ‎is committed to offering their clients outstanding customer service. They are the #1 in their field, and the only screw press recommended by yours truly when it comes to manure sludge.

You’ll find them here at World Dairy Expo in the Exhibition Hall (booth 1115).

Tell ’em JENKINS sent you!

These Are a few (50) of my Favorite Things

It’s safe to say that no dairy event in the world compares to World Dairy Expo. Not only is it a showcase of the worlds finest dairy cattle, but it’s the place to be to learn about cutting edge research and state of the art technologies. 

I’m here in Madison, Wisconsin for the week to learn everything I can to help make our technology better for dairy producers. (We already think it’s pretty good, but at LWR we never stop innovating!) 

In honor of the 50th Anniversary of World Dairy Expo, I’d like to share with you my list of the 50 things I love most about World Dairy Expo.  Drum roll please…………… Here they are, in no particular order:

1. The cows

2. The seminars

3. Checking out new technology

4. $2 grilled cheese sandwiches (thank you Collegiate Farm Bureau at UW-Madison

5. Virtual Farm Tours

6. Learning about trends in the dairy industry

7. The International Brown Swiss Show

8. Networking opportunities 

9. $1 milk shakes

10. The cows (did I say that already?) 

11. The beautiful colored shavings in the show ring

12. Meeting with our exclusive group of Legacy Clients 

13. The International Holstein Show

14. Dairy demonstrations 

15. The Purple Cow Gift Shop

16. Checking out all of the social media posts with these Wold Dairy hashtags:

          #celebrate50

          #wde50

          #worlddairyexpo

          #wde16

17. The International Red & White Show

18. Ice cream

19. The largest dairy focused trade show exhibit in the world

20. The cows (I just can’t get enough of them!) 

21. The Steel Cow – seriously, check them out! 

22. Meeting over 75,000 attendees from all over the world

23. Learning all about genetics

24. Exploring the city of Madison 

25. Dairy Happy Hour

26. The International Guernsey Show

27. All the candy collected from the exhibitors – honestly, it’s better than trick or treating!

28. Speaking of candy, there is a ton of free swag too!

29. Meeting members of the FFA and 4-H

30. The World Forage Analysis Super Bowl

31. The cows (they really are the greatest!) 

32. Drinking delicious Wisconsin milk

          a. white

          b. chocolate 

33. Relaxing after a long day with a stroll along the Lake Monona shoreline

34. The 50th anniversary historical display

35. The International Jersey Show

36. Collaborating with some of the smartest people in the dairy industry

37. Sneaking away to visit the State Capitol 

38. Breakfast at the Marigold Kitchen 

39. Taking in the beauty of Lake Mendota

40. The International Shorthorn Milking Show

41. Visiting the Bonnie Mohr exhibit 

42. The cows…. I mean, after all they are the reason we’re all here! 

43. “Expo in the Evening”

44. Deep fried cheese curds 

45. So.Much.Cheese

46. The International Ayrshire Show 

47. The Parade of Champions

48. The Supreme Champion 

49. Celebrating 50 years of dairy innovation

50. The cows 

Well, there you have it! That’s my list! Do you have anything to add? I’d love to hear about your favorite part of World Dairy Expo?? 

Until next time, 

JENKINS